Earth Sciences

Student Geologic Mapping

The Earth at Your Feet. Experience Yukon's Natural Laboratory.

Become an Earth Scientist. The Earth Sciences program uses Yukon’s dynamic environment as a laboratory to deliver the first two years of a B.Sc. degree in geoscience. Faculty work with students to identify pathways for upper-level programming en route to degree completion. At Yukon College, students have the advantage to complete introductory science courses in a personalized environment characterized by small sizes and dedicated instructors. Geology programming uses local landscapes and partnerships with industry to provide experiential learning opportunities that prepare students to meet the needs of employers and solve big-picture earth science problems facing society today.

Program Description

Earth science literacy is critical to meet the needs of modern society. The study of the Earth is focused not only on the rocks and minerals that make up solid Earth but also on the interaction of these materials with other earth systems. An understanding of Earth’s evolution through time allows earth scientists to interpret present-day conditions on our planet and predict how they will change in the future; these changes will affect both human societies and the natural environment.

Earth scientists are stewards of the planet’s mineral, energy and water resources. They must also be problem solvers, as Earth’s natural resources are currently threatened by climate change, overconsumption and natural disasters.  In the North, we live in a complex landscape where earth scientists must address the legacy of contaminated sites, support sustainable resource discovery and extraction, and grapple with a rapidly changing environment.

Students completing the two-year program will receive a diploma in Earth Sciences and be eligible for transfer into upper-level standing in many Canadian B.Sc. geoscience degree programs. Coursework is compatible with the educational requirements for achieving a professional geoscientist (P.Geo.) designation in the environmental geoscience or geology streams. Completion of a B.Sc. degree following the Earth Sciences program allows for upward workplace mobility in scientific and technical fields and enables graduates to continue to upper-level training in science (M.Sc., Ph.D.). 


Program Pathways and Duration

Students can complete the Earth Sciences diploma program with two years of full-time study. Part-time study is welcomed. Students have reduced course requirements in the summer months to allow for geoscience work experiences. Recommended course completion matrices for each year are provided below.


Year 1

Fall Semester  Winter Semester Summer Semester (end of August)
CHEM 110 - The Structure of Matter  CHEM 111 - Chemical Energetics and Dynamics GEOL 101 - Introductory Geology Field School
ENGL 100 - Academic Writing and Critical Thinking COMM 193 - Introduction to Scientific and Technical Communication  
GEOL 105 - Physical Geology  GEOL 106 - Historical Geology  

 MATH 100 - Single Variable Calculus I 

MATH 101 - Single Variable Calculus II  

Science Elective (choose 1):

BIOL 101 - Principles of Biology I 

GEOG 101 - Physical Geography I

PHYS 101 - Elementary Physics I

Science Elective (choose 1):

BIOL 102 - Principles of Biology II 

CPSC 128 - Object-Oriented Programming I

GEOG 102 - Physical Geography II

PHYS 102 - Elementary Physics II


Year 2
Fall Semester Winter Semester Spring Semester (May)
GEOL 111 - Structural Geology GEOG 250 - Introduction to Mapping and Geographical Information Systems (GIS) GEOL 113 - Intermediate Geology Field School
GEOL 2XX - Mineralogy GEOL 211 - Geochemistry  
GEOL 206 - Sedimentary Stratigraphy MATH 105 - Introductory Statistics  

Science Elective (choose 1):

BIOL 101 - Principles of Biology I 

GEOG 101 - Physical Geography I

PHYS 101 - Elementary Physics I

SOIL 210 - Introduction to Soils and Soil Resources

Geoscience Elective (choose 1):

GEOL 210 - Hydrogeology

GEOL 213 - Geophysics 


Science Elective (choose 1):

BIOL 102 - Principles of Biology II 

CPSC 128 - Object-Oriented Programming I

GEOG 102 - Physical Geography II

PHYS 102 - Elementary Physics II



Program Learning Objectives

The guiding objective of the Earth Sciences program is to provide students with a broadly applicable foundation in geoscience with extensive hands-on exposure and strong connections with industry and government. Graduates should be well equipped to:

  • Explain the fundamentals of major concepts in earth science, including surface and groundwater; natural hazards; glaciers, permafrost and climate change; and mineral and hydrocarbon resources.
  • Explain earth processes in the context of plate tectonics and the rock cycle.
  • Identify the basic physical and chemical controls on the formation of minerals and rocks, and their fundamental properties.
  • Identify, measure, and interpret geologic structures and stratigraphy.
  • Explain events in geologic history using geologic evidence and place those events in the context of the geologic timescale.
  • Characterize geologic environments, past and present, in which rocks and other geologic materials are formed.
  • Apply geologic observations to interpret and solve real-world problems related to energy, water and mineral resource development.
  • Effectively communicate geoscience concepts and observations to their peers and the general public.
  • Describe indigenous perspectives on Earth evolution and geologic history (ethnogeology) and how those perspectives compare with Western scientific knowledge.
  • Demonstrate understanding of indigenous land claim agreements and current best practices for consultation in the context of resource development.
  • Safely work and collaborate in a field-based setting.




Admission Requirements

Standard Earth Sciences Admission

  • English 12 (minimum 75%), Math 12 ( Precalculus; minimum 65%), and Chemistry 11; OR
  • Yukon College prerequisite courses ENGL 060 or EAP 060 (minimum B+, MATH 060 (minimum B-), and CHEM 050.


Earth Sciences Bridging Program

Applicants who do not meet these requirements are encouraged to apply to the Earth Sciences Bridging Program. This program allows students to complete academic upgrading while starting on their program coursework.  Minimum prerequisites for the Bridging Program are: 

  • English 12 (minimum 75%), Math 10 ( Principles or Precalculus; minimum 65%), and Science 10; OR
  • Yukon College prerequisite courses ENGL 060 or EAP 060 (minimum B+, MATH 030 (minimum B-), and SCI 030.

Students interested in applying to the  Earth Sciences Bridging Program should identify the bridging program as their desired program of study (not Earth Sciences) when applying for program admission.

Graduation Requirements

Students must successfully complete all required courses within the program, as well as obtain twelve (12) credits from approved fundamental science electives and three (3) credits from geoscience electives.  An overall GPA of 2.00 is required to receive the Earth Sciences diploma.

Career Opportunities

Employment opportunities exist for program graduates in a wide array of fields including environmental monitoring and protection, water resources, mineral exploration, mining, energy, and engineering/geotechnical fields. Program faculty actively work with students to help find meaningful employment both between the two years of the program and after graduation. 

Industry Partnerships

The Earth Sciences program is supported and informed by the Centre for Northern Innovation in Mining (CNIM). CNIM's Governing Council consists of industry, academia, government, and First Nations representatives that help ensure programming is applied and relevant and that graduates are well-equipped to succeed in fields across the mineral exploration, mining, and remediation/reclamation sectors. The support of CNIM partners enables the Earth Sciences program to deliver unique, hands-on experiences across Yukon and Alaska that greatly enhance traditional geoscience programming.

Field school students learning about revegetation and progressive reclamation at the Minto Cu-Au mine, Yukon.


The Earth Sciences program also has a program advisory committee (PAC) of local geoscientists who help inform programming and support student experiences. In 2020, program advisory committee members include: 


Robin Black, M.Sc., P.Geo.
Vice-President, Exploration
BMC Minerals


Heather Burrell, P.Geo.
Senior Geologist and Partner
Archer, Cathro and Associates


Scott Casselman, P.Geo.
Head, Mineral Services
Yukon Geological Survey


Tara Christie, M.A.Sc., P.Eng.
President and CEO
Banyan Gold Corp.


Matthew Zago, P.Geo.
Exploration Manager
Newmont Goldcorp -  Coffee Gold Project



Yukon First Nations Core Competency

Yukon College recognizes that a greater understanding and awareness of Yukon First Nations history, culture and journey towards self-determination will help to build positive relationships among all Yukon citizens. As a result, you will be required to achieve core competency in knowledge of Yukon First Nations.

For details, visit Yukon First Nations Core Competency.

Money Matters


Tuition for credit programs is calculated per course credit. See Money Matters for more information.

Additional costs above and beyond college tuition are associated with this program of study - see Ancillary Fees.

Ancillary fees cover activities such as:

  • transportation to and from field school sites
  • accommodation and food during field school
  • basic geology field equipment, including sturdy hiking boots, rock hammers, field notebooks, and hand lenses

Yukon College Student Financial Awards

Education is an investment in your future, your family and your community. Yukon College is pleased to support that investment by offering some of the most competitive tuition rates in the country, as well as several Student Financial Awards to help offset your educational and living costs.

Financial Assistance

There are government programs, scholarships, bursaries, awards and First Nation funding available to financially support you throughout your academic career.

See Money Matters for more information, or talk to our financial advising staff in the Student Services Centre. Email or call 867.668.8720 to make an appointment.


Fundamental Science Required Courses
Title Campus Scheduled
CHEM 110 - The Structure of Matter
CHEM 110L - The Structure of Matter Lab
CHEM 110T - The Structure of Matter Tutor
CHEM 111 - Chemical Energetics and Dynamics Whitehorse (Ayamdigut)
CHEM 111L - Chemical Energetics and Dynamics Lab Whitehorse (Ayamdigut)
MATH 100 - Single Variable Calculus I
MATH 101 - Single Variable Calculus II Whitehorse (Ayamdigut)
GEOG 250 - Introduction to Mapping and Geographical Information System (GIS) Whitehorse (Ayamdigut), Online/Video
GEOG 250L - Introduction to Mapping and Geographical Information System (GIS) Lab Whitehorse (Ayamdigut)
MATH 105 - Introductory Statistics Whitehorse (Ayamdigut)
English/Communications Required Courses
Title Campus Scheduled
COMM 193 - Introduction to Scientific & Technical Communication Whitehorse (Ayamdigut)
ENGL 100 - Academic Writing and Critical Thinking Whitehorse (Ayamdigut)
Core Geoscience Courses
Title Campus Scheduled
GEOL 105 - Physical Geology
GEOL 105L - Physical Geology Lab
GEOL 106 - Historical Geology Whitehorse (Ayamdigut)
GEOL 106L - Historical Geology Lab Whitehorse (Ayamdigut)
GEOL 111 - Structural Geology
GEOL 111L - Structural Geology Lab
GEOL 206 - Sedimentary Stratigraphy
GEOL 206L - Sedimentary Stratigraphy-Lab
GEOL 211 - Geochemistry
GEOL 211L - Geochemistry - Lab
Fundamental Science Electives
Title Campus Scheduled
BIOL 101 - Principles of Biology I
BIOL 101L - Principles of Biology I Lab
CPSC 126 - Object Oriented Programming I
GEOG 101 - Introduction to Physical Geography I
GEOG 101L - Introduction to Physicial Geography I Lab
GEOG 102 - Introduction to Physical Geography II Whitehorse (Ayamdigut)
GEOG 102L - Physical Geography II Lab Whitehorse (Ayamdigut)
PHYS 101 - Elementary Physics I
PHYS 101L - Elementary Physics I Lab
PHYS 102 - Elementary Physics II Whitehorse (Ayamdigut)
PHYS 102L - Elementary Physics II Lab Whitehorse (Ayamdigut)
Geoscience Electives
Title Campus Scheduled
GEOL 210 - Hydrogeology
GEOL 210L - Intro to Hydrogeology Lab
GEOL 213 - Introduction to Geophysics
GEOL 213L - Intro to Geophysics-Lab