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Dr. Fabrice Calmels

Fabrice Calmels

Research Associate
Yukon Research Centre
Whitehorse: Ayamdigut Campus

t 867.456.8594
fcalmels@yukoncollege.yk.ca

Speaking Credentials
Geomorphology and periglacial processes; Climate change impacts and adaptations on Northern communities and infrastructures related to permafrost hazards; Permafrost dynamic; Permafrost survey techniques and methodology; Northern science.

Education
2005 - Ph. D. in Geography Laval University, Qc, Canada. Thesis: Genesis and structure of the permafrost: study of some frozen mounds in Nunavik, northern Québec, Canada.

1999 - Diploma of advanced studies (DEA, five years degree): civil engineering, option: coastal engineering. University of Nantes - École Centrale de Nantes, France. Thesis: Coarse and heterogranular slope deposits: some mechanical characteristics and an experimental approach of settling processes.

1996 - Master’s degree (four years degree), earth sciences applied to environment (applied oceanography), University of Perpignan, France. Thesis: Physico-chemical and organic contaminations of aquatic sediments.

1995 - Licence (three years degree), fundamental and applied geology and geophysics, University of Montpellier II, France.

1994 - Diploma of general university studies (two years degree), geology, University of Perpignan, France.

Professional Experience
Fabrice is a geosciences and northern environment specialist. His work is devoted to the impact of climate and environmental change on Canadian Landscape, communities, and infrastructures. Fabrice worked in most of the Northern Communities of the Nunavik, Qc, in communities of the Yukon such as Mayo and Dawson City, and more recently in Jean Marie River, NWT. He is currently working on a survey of the Alaska Highway, YT, as associate researcher. His objectives are to assess the impact of climate change on the highway, and to develop adaptation strategies.

July 2012 – Present: Associate Researcher.
Yukon College. Collaboration: Government of Yukon - Highways and Public Works
• Assessment of the impact of the global warming on the Alaska Highway.

July 2012 – Present: Consultant
Collaboration: University of Alberta, Athabasca University.
• Impact of the global warming on the Jean Marie River Community, NWT: assessment of the impact of the global warming on the Community and its traditional lands.

May 2011 – June 2012: Postdoctoral Researcher
Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, University of Alberta. Supervision: D. Froese – G. Doré.
• Assessing potential impacts and mitigation of future climate change on 'warm' permafrost in Dawson City, Yukon.

September 2010 – March 2011: Expert Geomorphologist
Yukon College. Collaboration: Yukon Geological Survey.
• Permafrost risk survey in Mayo community, YT.

September 2007 – September 2010: Postdoctoral Researcher.
Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, University of Alberta. Supervision: Duane Froese.
• Testing permafrost resilience in central Yukon using varying age disturbance from natural and human impacts.
• Improving understanding of regional permafrost dynamics,
• Forecasting potential impact of future, warmer climate in interior Yukon and Alaska.

June 2007 - August 2007: Project Supervisor.
Centre d’Études Nordiques, Laval University. Supervision : Yves Bégin.
• Grant managing in the context of a Canada Foundation for Innovation grant for Northern environmental research (financial supervision, purchase, research team consultation).

July 2005 – April 2007: Professional Researcher
Centre d’Études Nordiques, Laval University. Supervision: Michel Allard, Transport Québec.
Project Manager for Environmental surveys on permafrost and infrastructures, in Nunavik, in the regard of global warming (team coaching, report writing, data processing, student mentoring, field work, mapping, meeting management).
• Mapping of permafrost conditions in Nunavik communities with regard to adaptation to global warming.
• Impact of the global warming on the airports of Nunavik: permafrost characteristics and characterization of the degradation processes of the landing runaways.

Awards
May 2011 - EnviroNorth Postdoctoral Fellowship 2011-2012 (NSERC CREATE Training Program in Northern Environmental Sciences).

March 2008 - NSERC Postdoctoral Fellowship 2008-2009 (Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada).

May 2007 - FQRTN Postdoctoral Fellowship 2007-2008 (Fonds Québécois de la Recherche sur la Nature et les Technologies).

July 2006 Prize for the best joint-supervised thesis 2006, jointly awarded by the Department of international relations (government of Québec), and the General Consulate of France (French government).

Achievements
Peer reviewed publications:

Calmels, F., Froese D.G., and Clavano, W. 2012. Cryostratigraphic record of permafrost degradation and recovery following historic (1898-1992) surface disturbances in the Klondike region, central Yukon Territory. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 49(8): 938-952.

D’Costa, V.M., King, C.E., Kalan, L., Morar, M., Sung, W.W.L., Schwarz, C., Duane Froese, D., Zazula, G., Calmels, F., Debruyne, R., Golding, G.B., Poinar, H.N., and Wright, G.D. 2011. Antibiotic resistance is ancient. Nature, 477: 457-461.

Pissart, A., Calmels, F., and Wastiaux, C. 2011. The potential lateral growth of the lithalsas. Quaternary Research: 371-377.

Calmels, F., and Froese, D.G. 2009. Cryostratigraphic record of permafrost degradation and recovery following historic surface disturbances, Klondike area, Yukon. Yukon Exploration and Geology 2008: 85-97.

Calmels, F., Allard, M. and Delisle G. 2008. Development and decay of a lithalsa (Northern Québec): A geomorphological history. Geomorphology, 97: 287–299.

Calmels, F., Delisle G., and Allard, M. 2008. Internal structure and the thermal and hydrological regime of a typical lithalsa: significance for permafrost growth and decay. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 45: 31-43

Calmels, F. and Allard, M. 2008. A structural interpretation of the palsa/lithalsa growth mechanism through the use of CT Scanning. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 33: 209-225.

Fortier, R.; LeBlanc, A.-M.; Allard, M.; Buteau, S.; Calmels, F. 2008. Internal structure and conditions of permafrost mounds at Umiujaq in Nunavik, Canada, inferred from field investigation and electrical resistivity tomography. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 45: 367-387.

Cardyn, R., Clark, I..D., Lacelle, D., Lauriol, B., Zdanowicz, C. and Calmels, F. 2007. Molar gas ratios of air entrapped in ice: A new tool to determine the nature and origin of relict massive ground ice bodies in permafrost. Quaternary Research, 68: 239-248.

Calmels, F., Gagnon, O.; and Allard, M. 2005. A portable earth-drill system for permafrost studies. Permafrost and Periglacial Processes 16: 311-315.

Calmels, F., and Allard, M. 2004. Ice Segregation and Gas Distribution in Permafrost using Tomodensitometry Analysis. Permafrost and Periglac. Process. 15: 367-378.

Delisle, G., Allard, M.; Fortier, R.; Calmels; F. and Larrivée, É. 2003. Umiujaq, Northern Québec: Innovative Techniques to Monitor the Decay of a Lithalsa in Response to Climate Change. Permafrost and Periglac. Process. 14: 375-385.

Calmels, F., and Coutard, J.-P. 2000. Expérience sur la Mobilisation par Cryoreptation d’un Dépôt de Pente Schisteux, Grossier et Hétérométrique. Permafrost Periglac. Process. 11: 207-218.

Non-reviewed publications:

Kennedy, K., Kinnear, L., Calmels, F., Bonaventure, P., Lewkowicz, L., Benkert, B., Hennessey, R. (lead authors). 2011. Mayo Landscape Hazards: Geological Mapping for Climate Change Adaptation Planning. Northern Climate Exchange, Yukon Research Centre, Yukon College, 64 p. and 2 maps.

Allard, M., Calmels, F., Fortier, D., Laurent, C., L'Hérault, M., and Vinet, F. 2007. Mapping of permafrost conditions in Nunavik communities with regard to adaptation to global warming. Laval University, Centre d'études nordiques, report to the office of the impacts end adaptation to climate changes climatiques, ressources naturelles Canada and Ouranos., 42 p.

Allard, M., Fortier, R., Sarrazin, D., Calmels, F., Fortier, D., Chaumont, D., Savard, J.P., and Tarussov, A. 2007. Impact of the global warming on the airports of Nunavik: permafrost characteristics and characterization of the degradation processes of the landing runaways. Laval University, Centre d'études nordiques, report to the government department of transports, Québec. 184 p.

Peer reviewed Proceedings:

Calmels, F., Froese D.G., and Clavano, W. 2010. Dating recent permafrost disturbance and recovery with tritium and post-bomb radiocarbon isotopes. GEO2010: 63rd Canadian Geotechnical Conference & 6th Canadian Permafrost Conference, Sept. 12-16, 2010, Calgary, Alberta. Canadian Geotechnical Society: 1533-1539.

Calmels, F., Clavano, W., and Froese, D.G. 2010. Progress on X-ray computed tomography (CT) scanning in permafrost studies. GEO2010: 63rd Canadian Geotechnical Conference & 6th Canadian Permafrost Conference, Sept. 12-16, 2010, Calgary, Alberta. Canadian Geotechnical Society: 1353-1358.

Conferences

Calmels, F., Froese D.G., and Clavano, W. 2010. Dating recent permafrost disturbance and recovery with tritium and post-bomb radiocarbon isotopes. 5Th Canadian Conference on Permafrost, GEO2010 Calgary, paper No. 491.

Calmels, F., Clavano, W., and Froese, D.G. 2010. Progress on X-ray computed tomography (CT) scanning in permfrost studies. 5Th Canadian Conference on Permafrost, GEO2010 Calgary, paper No. 492.

Calmels, F., and Allard, M. 2008. Permafrost structure, growth and decay through the study of a typical lithalsa in Nunavik, northern Quebec, Canada. 34TH Annual Meeting of the Canadian Geophysical Union / Annual Meeting of the Canadian Geomorphology Research Group, Banff, Alberta, Canada.

Calmels, F., and Froese, D.G. 2008. Permafrost dynamics in the Klondike goldfields, central Yukon (poster). 34TH Annual Meeting of the Canadian Geophysical Union / Annual Meeting of the Canadian Geomorphology Research Group, Banff, Alberta, Canada.

Calmels, F., and Allard, M. 2005. Understanding palsas and lithalsas through computed tomography scanning: Inferences on internal structure and genesis. 2nd European Conference on Permafrost, EUCOP 2005, Postdam, Germany.

Calmels, F., and Allard, M. 2003. New Knowledge on Permafrost Provided by Medical Scanner Imaging Data in Nunavik, Québec. 33rd Annual Arctic Workshop, Polar Environmental Centre, Tromsø, Norway.

Calmels, F., Allard, M.; Fortier, R., and Delisle, G. 2001. Permafrost Properties and Landforms in Emerged Marine Sediments of Nunavik : A Source of Basic Knowledge on Permafrost formation in Quaternary Marine Sediments. 31st Annual Arctic Workshop, Department of Geosciences and Climate System Research Centre, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, USA.

Grant Commitee:
2010-2011: Committee President: evaluation of proposals to the FQRNT Team Research Project Program.
Committee 705B – Environnement-Sol/Air, Fonds Québécois de la Recherche sur la Nature et les Technologies.

March 2010: Reviewer of proposals to the NSF Arctic System Science and Arctic Natural Sciences programs.
National Science Foundation.

2009-2010: Committee member: evaluation of proposals to the FQRNT Team Research Project Program.
Committee 606B – Environnement-Sol/Air, Fonds Québécois de la Recherche sur la Nature et les Technologies.

Memberships
Collaborator of EnviroNorth - NSERC CREATE Training Program in Northern Environmental Sciences.

Associate Member in the Network of Expertise on Transportation Infrastructure in Permafrost Regions (Permafrost Network).

Field of Study
Earth and Environmental Sciences

Research Interests
Permafrost, Geomorphology, Earth Surface Processes

Activities
Movies, Various Handiwork, Writing, Vintage Toys

In der Beschränkung zeigt sich der Meister - Goethe